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FreeBSD

Pengantar

I. Permulaan

1. Pengenalan

1.1 Ringkasan

1.2 Selamat datang di FreeBSD!

1.3 Mengenai Proyek FreeBSD

2. Instalasi FreeBSD

      2.1 Sinopsis
      2.2 Kebutuhuan Hardware
      2.3 Pre-installation Tasks
      2.4 Memulai Instalasi
      2.5 Pengenalan Sysinstall
      2.6 Allocating Disk Space
      2.7 Memilih Apa Yang Ingin di-Install
      2.8 Memilih Media Instalasi
      2.9 Melakukan Instalasi
      2.10 Pasca Instalasi
      2.11 Pemecahan Masalah
      2.12 Panduan Instalasi Mahir
      2.13 Menyiapkan Media Instalasi Sendiri

3. UNIX Basics

      3.1 Synop
      3.2 Virtual Consoles and Terminals
      3.3 Permissions
      3.4 Directory Structure
      3.5 Disk Organization
      3.6 Mounting and Unmounting File Systems
      3.7 Processes
      3.8 Daemons, Signals, and Killing Processes
      3.9 Shells
      3.10 Text Editors
      3.11 Devices and Device Nodes
      3.12 Binary Formats
      3.13 For More Information

4. Installing Applications: Packages and Ports

      4.1 Synopsis
      4.2 Overview of Software Installation
      4.3 Finding Your Application
      4.4 Using the Packages System
      4.5 Using the Ports Collection
      4.6 Post-installation Activities
      4.7 Dealing with Broken Ports

5 The X Window System

      5.1 Synopsis
      5.2 Understanding X
      5.3 Installing X11
      5.4 X11 Configuration
      5.5 Using Fonts in X11
      5.6 The X Display Manager
      5.7 Desktop Environments

II. Common Tasks

6 Desktop Applications

      6.1 Synopsis
      6.2 Browsers
      6.3 Productivity
      6.4 Document Viewers
      6.5 Finance
      6.6 Summary

7 Multimedia

      7.1 Synopsis
      7.2 Setting Up the Sound Card
      7.3 MP3 Audio
      7.4 Video Playback
      7.5 Setting Up TV Cards
      7.6 Image Scanners

8 Configuring the FreeBSD Kernel

      8.1 Synopsis
      8.2 Why Build a Custom Kernel?
      8.3 Finding the System Hardware
      8.4 Building and Installing a Custom Kernel
      8.5 The Configuration File
      8.6 If Something Goes Wrong

9 Printing

      9.1 Synopsis
      9.2 Introduction
      9.3 Basic Setup
      9.4 Advanced Printer Setup
      9.5 Using Printers
      9.6 Alternatives to the Standard Spooler
      9.7 Troubleshooting

10 Linux Binary Compatibility

      10.1 Synopsis
      10.2 Installation
      10.3 Installing Mathematica®
      10.4 Installing Maple™
      10.5 Installing MATLAB®
      10.6 Installing Oracle®
      10.7 Installing SAP® R/3®
      10.8 Advanced Topics

III. System Administration

11 Configuration and Tuning

      11.1 Synopsis
      11.2 Initial Configuration
      11.3 Core Configuration
      11.4 Application Configuration
      11.5 Starting Services
      11.6 Configuring the cron Utility
      11.7 Using rc under FreeBSD
      11.8 Setting Up Network Interface Cards
      11.9 Virtual Hosts
      11.10 Configuration Files
      11.11 Tuning with sysctl
      11.12 Tuning Disks
      11.13 Tuning Kernel Limits
      11.14 Adding Swap Space
      11.15 Power and Resource Management
      11.16 Using and Debugging FreeBSD ACPI

12 The FreeBSD Booting Process

      12.1 Synopsis
      12.2 The Booting Problem
      12.3 The Boot Manager and Boot Stages
      12.4 Kernel Interaction During Boot
      12.5 Device Hints
      12.6 Init: Process Control Initialization
      12.7 Shutdown Sequence

13 Users and Basic Account Management

      13.1 Synopsis
      13.2 Introduction
      13.3 The Superuser Account
      13.4 System Accounts
      13.5 User Accounts
      13.6 Modifying Accounts
      13.7 Limiting Users
      13.8 Groups

14 Security

      14.1 Synopsis
      14.2 Introduction
      14.3 Securing FreeBSD
      14.4 DES, Blowfish, MD5, and Crypt
      14.5 One-time Passwords
      14.6 TCP Wrappers
      14.7 KerberosIV
      14.8 Kerberos5
      14.9 OpenSSL
      14.10 VPN over IPsec
      14.11 OpenSSH
      14.12 File System Access Control Lists
      14.13 Monitoring Third Party Security Issues
      14.14 FreeBSD Security Advisories
      14.15 Process Accounting

15 Jails

      15.1 Synopsis
      15.2 Terms Related to Jails
      15.3 Introduction
      15.4 Creating and Controlling Jails
      15.5 Fine Tuning and Administration
      15.6 Application of Jails

16 Mandatory Access Control

      16.1 Synopsis
      16.2 Key Terms in this Chapter
      16.3 Explanation of MAC
      16.4 Understanding MAC Labels
      16.5 Planning the Security Configuration
      16.6 Module Configuration
      16.7 The MAC bsdextended Module
      16.8 The MAC ifoff Module
      16.9 The MAC portacl Module
      16.10 The MAC partition Module
      16.11 The MAC Multi-Level Security Module
      16.12 The MAC Biba Module
      16.13 The MAC LOMAC Module
      16.14 Nagios in a MAC Jail
      16.15 User Lock Down
      16.16 Troubleshooting the MAC Framework

17 Security Event Auditing

      17.1 Synopsis
      17.2 Key Terms in this Chapter
      17.3 Installing Audit Support
      17.4 Audit Configuration
      17.5 Administering the Audit Subsystem

18 Storage

      18.1 Synopsis
      18.2 Device Names
      18.3 Adding Disks
      18.4 RAID
      18.5 USB Storage Devices
      18.6 Creating and Using Optical Media (CDs)
      18.7 Creating and Using Optical Media (DVDs)
      18.8 Creating and Using Floppy Disks
      18.9 Creating and Using Data Tapes
      18.10 Backups to Floppies
      18.11 Backup Strategies
      18.12 Backup Basics
      18.13 Network, Memory, and File-Backed File Systems
      18.14 File System Snapshots
      18.15 File System Quotas
      18.16 Encrypting Disk Partitions
      18.17 Encrypting Swap Space

19 GEOM: Modular Disk Transformation Framework

      19.1 Synopsis
      19.2 GEOM Introduction
      19.3 RAID0 - Striping
      19.4 RAID1 - Mirroring
      19.5 GEOM Gate Network Devices
      19.6 Labeling Disk Devices
      19.7 UFS Journaling Through GEOM

20 The Vinum Volume Manager

      20.1 Synopsis
      20.2 Disks Are Too Small
      20.3 Access Bottlenecks
      20.4 Data Integrity
      20.5 Vinum Objects
      20.6 Some Examples
      20.7 Object Naming
      20.8 Configuring Vinum
      20.9 Using Vinum for the Root Filesystem

21 Virtualization

      21.1 Synopsis
      21.2 FreeBSD as a Guest OS
      21.3 FreeBSD as a Host OS

22 Localization - I18N/L10N Usage and Setup

      22.1 Synopsis
      22.2 The Basics
      22.3 Using Localization
      22.4 Compiling I18N Programs
      22.5 Localizing FreeBSD to Specific Languages

23 The Cutting Edge

      23.1 Synopsis
      23.2 FreeBSD-CURRENT vs. FreeBSD-STABLE
      23.3 Synchronizing Your Source
      23.4 Rebuilding “world”
      23.5 Tracking for Multiple Machines

IV. Network Communication

24 Serial Communications

      24.1 Synopsis
      24.2 Introduction
      24.3 Terminals
      24.4 Dial-in Service
      24.5 Dial-out Service
      24.6 Setting Up the Serial Console

25 PPP and SLIP

      25.1 Synopsis
      25.2 Using User PPP
      25.3 Using Kernel PPP
      25.4 Troubleshooting PPP Connections
      25.5 Using PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
      25.6 Using PPP over ATM (PPPoA)
      25.7 Using SLIP

26 Electronic Mail

      26.1 Synopsis
      26.2 Using Electronic Mail
      26.3 sendmail Configuration
      26.4 Changing Your Mail Transfer Agent
      26.5 Troubleshooting
      26.6 Advanced Topics
      26.7 SMTP with UUCP
      26.8 Setting Up to Send Only
      26.9 Using Mail with a Dialup Connection
      26.10 SMTP Authentication
      26.11 Mail User Agents
      26.12 Using fetchmail
      26.13 Using procmail

27 Network Servers

      27.1 Synopsis
      27.2 The inetd “Super-Server”
      27.3 Network File System (NFS)
      27.4 Network Information System (NIS/YP)
      27.5 Automatic Network Configuration (DHCP)
      27.6 Domain Name System (DNS)
      27.7 Apache HTTP Server
      27.8 File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
      27.9 File and Print Services for Microsoft® Windows® clients (Samba)
      27.10 Clock Synchronization with NTP

28 Firewalls

      28.1 Introduction
      28.2 Firewall Concepts
      28.3 Firewall Packages
      28.4 The OpenBSD Packet Filter (PF) and ALTQ
      28.5 The IPFILTER (IPF) Firewall
      28.6 IPFW

29 Advanced Networking

      29.1 Synopsis
      29.2 Gateways and Routes
      29.3 Wireless Networking
      29.4 Bluetooth
      29.5 Bridging
      29.6 Link Aggregation and Failover
      29.7 Diskless Operation
      29.8 ISDN
      29.9 Network Address Translation
      29.10 Parallel Line IP (PLIP)
      29.11 IPv6
      29.12 Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
      29.13 Common Access Redundancy Protocol (CARP)

V. Appendices

A. Obtaining FreeBSD

      A.1 CDROM and DVD Publishers
      A.2 FTP Sites
      A.3 Anonymous CVS
      A.4 Using CTM
      A.5 Using CVSup
      A.6 Using Portsnap
      A.7 CVS Tags
      A.8 AFS Sites
      A.9 rsync Sites

B. Bibliography

      B.1 Books & Magazines Specific to FreeBSD
      B.2 Users' Guides
      B.3 Administrators' Guides
      B.4 Programmers' Guides
      B.5 Operating System Internals
      B.6 Security Reference
      B.7 Hardware Reference
      B.8 UNIX® History
      B.9 Magazines and Journals

C. Resources on the Internet

      C.1 Mailing Lists
      C.2 Usenet Newsgroups
      C.3 World Wide Web Servers
      C.4 Email Addresses
      C.5 Shell Accounts

D. PGP Keys

      D.1 Officers
      D.2 Core Team Members
      D.3 Developers

FreeBSD Glossary

Index

Colophon

erwer

List of Figures

2-1. FreeBSD Boot Loader Menu
2-2. Typical Device Probe Results
2-3. Selecting Country Menu
2-4. Select Sysinstall Exit
2-5. Selecting Usage from Sysinstall Main Menu
2-6. Selecting Documentation Menu
2-7. Sysinstall Documentation Menu
2-8. Sysinstall Main Menu
2-9. Sysinstall Keymap Menu
2-10. Sysinstall Main Menu
2-11. Sysinstall Options
2-12. Begin Standard Installation
2-13. Select Drive for FDisk
2-14. Typical Fdisk Partitions before Editing
2-15. Fdisk Partition Using Entire Disk
2-16. Sysinstall Boot Manager Menu
2-17. Exit Select Drive
2-18. Sysinstall Disklabel Editor
2-19. Sysinstall Disklabel Editor with Auto Defaults
2-20. Free Space for Root Partition
2-21. Edit Root Partition Size
2-22. Choose the Root Partition Type
2-23. Choose the Root Mount Point
2-24. Sysinstall Disklabel Editor
2-25. Choose Distributions
2-26. Confirm Distributions
2-27. Choose Installation Media
2-28. Selecting an Ethernet Device
2-29. Set Network Configuration for ed0
2-30. Editing inetd.conf
2-31. Default Anonymous FTP Configuration
2-32. Edit the FTP Welcome Message
2-33. Editing exports
2-34. System Console Configuration Options
2-35. Screen Saver Options
2-36. Screen Saver Timeout
2-37. System Console Configuration Exit
2-38. Select Your Region
2-39. Select Your Country
2-40. Select Your Time Zone
2-41. Select Mouse Protocol Type
2-42. Set Mouse Protocol
2-43. Configure Mouse Port
2-44. Setting the Mouse Port
2-45. Enable the Mouse Daemon
2-46. Test the Mouse Daemon
2-47. Select Package Category
2-48. Select Packages
2-49. Install Packages
2-50. Confirm Package Installation
2-51. Select User
2-52. Add User Information
2-53. Exit User and Group Management
2-54. Exit Install
2-55. Network Configuration Upper-level
2-56. Select a default MTA
2-57. Ntpdate Configuration
2-58. Network Configuration Lower-level
20-1. Concatenated Organization
20-2. Striped Organization
20-3. RAID-5 Organization
20-4. A Simple Vinum Volume
20-5. A Mirrored Vinum Volume
20-6. A Striped Vinum Volume
20-7. A Mirrored, Striped Vinum Volume

List of Examples

2-1. Using an Existing Partition Unchanged
2-2. Shrinking an Existing Partition
3-1. Sample Disk, Slice, and Partition Names
3-2. Conceptual Model of a Disk
4-1. Downloading a Package Manually and Installing It Locally
11-1. Creating a Swapfile on FreeBSD
12-1. boot0 Screenshot
12-2. boot2 Screenshot
12-3. An Insecure Console in /etc/ttys
13-1. Adding a user on FreeBSD
13-2. rmuser Interactive Account Removal
13-3. Interactive chpass by Superuser
13-4. Interactive chpass by Normal User
13-5. Changing Your Password
13-6. Changing Another User's Password as the Superuser
13-7. Adding a Group Using pw(8)
13-8. Adding Somebody to a Group Using pw(8)
13-9. Using id(1) to Determine Group Membership
14-1. Using SSH to Create a Secure Tunnel for SMTP
18-1. Using dump over ssh
18-2. Using dump over ssh with RSH set
18-3. A Script for Creating a Bootable Floppy
18-4. Using mdconfig to Mount an Existing File System Image
18-5. Creating a New File-Backed Disk with mdconfig
18-6. Configure and Mount a File-Backed Disk with mdmfs
18-7. Creating a New Memory-Based Disk with mdconfig
18-8. Creating a New Memory-Based Disk with mdmfs
24-1. Adding Terminal Entries to /etc/ttys
26-1. Configuring the sendmail Access Database
26-2. Mail Aliases
26-3. Example Virtual Domain Mail Map
27-1. Reloading the inetd configuration file
27-2. Mounting an Export with amd
27-3. Installing Django with Apache2, mod_python3, and PostgreSQL
27-4. Apache Configuration for Django/mod_python
29-1. LACP aggregation with a Cisco switch
29-2. Failover mode
29-3. Branch Office or Home Network
29-4. Head Office or Other LAN
A-1. Checking Out Something from -CURRENT (ls(1)):
A-2. Using SSH to check out the src/ tree:
A-3. Checking Out the Version of ls(1) in the 6-STABLE Branch:
A-4. Creating a List of Changes (as Unified Diffs) to ls(1)
A-5. Finding Out What Other Module Names Can Be Used:
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